Corona Viruses are a family of viruses that can cause illnesses such as the common cold, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). In 2019, a new corona virus was identified as the cause of a disease outbreak that originated in China. The virus is known as the SARS-CoV-2. The disease it causes is called coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic. Public health groups including WHO are monitoring the pandemic and posting updates on their websites. These groups have also issued recommendations for preventing and treating the illness.
The symptoms and signs of COVID-19 may appear two to 14 days after exposure. The time after exposure and before having symptoms is called Incubation Period. Commonsymptoms and signs include Fever, Cough, Tiredness, loss of taste or smell, shortness or difficulty of breathing, muscle aches, headache, runny nose, sore throat, chest pain and so on. The severity of symptoms can range from very mild to severe. Some people may have only a few symptoms, and some may have no symptoms at all. Some people may experience worsened symptoms such as pneumonia.
People who are older have a high risk of serious illness from COVID-19 and the risk increases with age. Serious medical conditions that increase the risk of serious illness of COVID-19 include serious heart diseases, cancer, type 2 diabetes, chronic kidney disease, asthma, liver disease, chronic lung disease, high blood pressure and so on. 18.2 M people are confirmed as COVID-19 affected, 10.9M people are recovered from this pandemic and 692K people are dead due to this pandemic till date.
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health. The WHO constitution, which establishes the agency’s governing structure and principles, states its main objective as “the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health.” It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland with six semi -autonomous regional offices and 150 field offices worldwide.
WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom said that the COVID-19 pandemic is a “once-in-a-century health crisis”, but it is still “in our hands” at a virtual press conference. He also included that the world has never seen anything like this pandemic for decades, and its effects might last for decades more. This is the first ever coronavirus-caused pandemic that has two dangers: it spreads fast and it’s a killer. The crisis due to COVID-19 is severe. But every problem has a solution and there are still solutions for this crisis. The things that are going to be happened in months or years are in our hands to control, prevent any kind of crisis.
The outbreak of COVID-19 has started months ago and many people across the world died due to this pandemic. The severity of this pandemic is very high and uncontrollable at first but when time goes on many countries have shown that the outbreak can be controlled or the serious transmission can be suppressed. The countries include Spain, Italy, China and South Korea.
Even in India, COVID cases are spiraling up day to day. Though there are strict rules and regulations over all usual activities, transports the victims are increasing exponentially each day. But it’s each and everyone’s responsibility to take care of themselves by maintaining social distancing and personal hygiene along with nutritious diet. There is no medicine for COVID other than Personal Care and Proper Precautionary measures.